Canada has several laws to protect consumers and address consumer-related issues and complaints. Here are a few of them.
CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT
Issued under the Health Canada agency, the MyLawyer.ca Canada Consumer Product Safety Act went into effect on June 20 of 2011. This provision adopts modern tools and techniques aimed at strengthening existing consumer protections and maintain Canada’s consumer product safety system in line with key international trade partners. The CPSA protects the public by addressing issues and preventing dangers to human health and/or safety potentially posed by consumer products within Canada.
FOOD AND DRUGS ACT
Also issued by the Health Canada agency, the Food and Drugs Act ensures proper inspection and regulation of all food, drugs, and cosmetics, as well as all therapeutic devices.
CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT
Administrated by the Environment Canada agency, the Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 is designed to respect pollution prevention as well as protect the environment and human health for the purpose of contributing to sustainable development.
This federal law governs most business conduct throughout Canada. It defines both criminal and civil provisions for the specific prevention of anti-competitive practices within the economic marketplace of Canada. Specifically, the Competition Act:
- promotes efficiency and adaptability within the Canadian economy
- expands opportunities for Canadian participation in world markets while concurrently recognizing the role of foreign competition among Canadian businesses
- ensures small and medium-sized enterprises have the most equitable opportunity for participation within the Canadian economy
- provides consumers with the most competitive prices and product diversity
CONSUMER PACKAGING AND LABELLING ACT
Also issued and administrated by the Canadian Competition Bureau, the Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act is actually a criminal statute that requires prepackaged consumer goods to bear accurate and meaningful labeling information aimed at forming consumer decisions.
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY AC
Enforced by Transport Canada, the Motor Vehicle Safety Act regulates both the manufacture and importing of motor vehicles and associated motor vehicle equipment in order to reduce the risk for death, injury, and damage caused or in relation to motor vehicle operation.